Wednesday, 16 May 2018

https://www.finnewsnetwork.com.au/archives/finance_news_network169498.html
Lynas says share price drop due to change in government

Company News

by Anna Napoli May 15, 2018 11:32 AM

Email Alerts for:
ASX:LYC Lynas (ASX:LYC) has attributed yesterday’s 9.5 per cent share price slide to changes in the Malaysian Government.

The rare earths miner says it’s looking forward to working with the new government.

The company also referred to a recent media article which raised concerns about the companies environmental monitoring in its Malaysian plant.

But, Lynas says there are no issues with the governance of its operations.

Shares in Lynas (ASX:LYC) are trading 1.83 per cent higher at $2.50.
https://www.malaysiakini.com/news/425358
Special committee on Lynas issue to be set up, says Wong Tack 

Bernama | Published on 16 May 2018, 11:59 am | Modified on Today 12:55 am




A special committee will be set up to review the Lynas issue in the near future, says Himpunan Hijau chairperson and Bentong MP Wong Tack.

Wong said that he was committed to championing the issue of Lynas, which has dragged on for 10 years.

"The establishment of the committee will not only discuss the issue of radioactive pollution by the waste from the Lynas plant, as was previously focused on by the government.

"The committee will also look into issues on the management of waste, verification of licenses owned by Lynas, selection of plant location, and health and environment (issues)," he said when met at a press conference on the issue at the Semambu assemblyperson’s office today.

Also present were Kuantan MP Fuziah Salleh, Semambu assemblyperson Lee Chean Chung, and Save Malaysia Stop Lynas chairperson, Tan Bun Teet.

- Bernama
https://www.bharian.com.my/berita/wilayah/2018/05/426507/jawatankuasa-khas-kaji-aspek-keselamatan-kilang-lynas

Jawatankuasa khas kaji aspek keselamatan kilang Lynas

 


AHLI Parlimen Kuantan, Fuziah Salleh (duduk, dua dari kiri), Ahli Parlimen Bentong, Wong Tuck (duduk, tiga dari kiri) dan Pengerusi Save Malaysia Stop Lynas (SMSL), Tan Bun Teet (duduk, dua dari kanan) dalam sidang media di pejabat Dewan Undangan Negeri (DUN) Semambu. - Foto Shaharinnahar Ab Latib


Oleh Shahrinnahar Latib
cnews@nstp.com.my

KUANTAN: Kumpulan anti-Lynas hari ini meminta kerajaan Pakatan Harapan (PH) supaya menubuhkan satu jawatankuasa khas untuk mengkaji semula aspek penetapan syarat dan operasi yang dikenakan terhadap kilang memproses nadir bumi itu di Kawasan Perindustrian Gebeng, dekat sini.

Pengerusi Save Malaysia Stop Lynas (SMSL), Tan Bun Teet, berkata perkara itu perlu diberi keutamaan kepada kerajaan kerana ia membabitkan soal keselamatan dan kesihatan rakyat di daerah ini.

"Kita harap dapat kaji semula segala aspek keselamatan kilang berkenaan. Kita harap ia dapat dilaksanakan dalam tempoh 100 hari pemerintahan kerajaan baharu ini," katanya pada sidang media di pejabat Dewan Undangan Negeri (DUN) Semambu di sini, hari ini.

Yang turut hadir, Ahli Parlimen Kuantan, Fuziah Salleh, Ahli Parlimen Bentong, Wong Tuck dan Ahli Dewan Undangan Negeri (ADUN) Semambu, Lee Chean Chung.

Bun Teet berkata, banyak isu yang masih belum selesai, termasuk di mana sisa buangan bahan mineral itu dibuang selain pihak syarikat itu didakwa tidak pernah mengadakan dialog bersama penduduk Kuantan.

"Lynas sebelum ini tidak pernah berdialog dengan warga Kuantan untuk menjelaskan mengenai operasi kilang mereka.

"Justeru, selepas kerajaan baharu dibentuk, saya amat mengharapkan isu ini diberi perhatian kerana ia membabitkan soal keselamatan awam dan alam sekitar," katanya

Sementara itu, Wong Tuck, berkata pihaknya tetap komited memperjuangkan isu Lynas, terutama selepas kerajaan baharu dibentuk malah mesej yang ingin disampaikan adalah jelas iaitu mahu operasi kilang berkenaan mengikut prosedur.

"Kita tidak tahu sejauh mana selamatnya kilang Lynas dan tidak berkompromi terhadap sebarang isu keselamatan awam dan alam sekitar. Usaha secara komprehansif akan dilakukan untuk memastikan kilang itu mematuhi prosedur dari pelbagai aspek,"katanya.

Fuziah pula berkata, beliau menawarkan diri untuk menjadi orang tengah antara Lynas dengan penduduk, NGO dan kerajaan untuk berbincang isu berkenaan.

"Cukuplah Lynas mendapat perlindungan daripada kerajaan sebelum ini. Saya percaya, kerajaan pimpinan Perdana Menteri, Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad tidak akan membiarkan projek seperti Lynas diteruskan jika memberi kesan kepada rakyat dan alam sekitar," katanya.
http://www.freemalaysiatoday.com/category/nation/2018/05/17/mp-pledges-special-committee-to-review-lynas-issue/MP pledges special committee to review Lynas issue

Bernama | May 17, 2018

Bentong MP Wong Tack says the committee will discuss matters including radioactive pollution, waste management and verification of licences owned by Lynas.

Bentong MP Wong Tack says the Lynas issue has dragged on for 10 years now. (File pic)

KUANTAN: Bentong MP Wong Tack has assured that a special committee will soon be set up to review the Lynas issue.

Wong, who is also chairman of Himpunan Hijau, said he was committed to championing the issue which had dragged on for 10 years now.

“The established committee will not only discuss the issue of radioactive pollution by the waste from the Lynas plant, as it was previously focused on by the government.

“The committee will also look into issues on the management of waste, verification of licences owned by Lynas, selection of plant location, health and environment,” he said when met at a press conference at the Semambu state assemblyman’s office here yesterday. Also present were Kuantan MP Fuziah Salleh, Semambu assemblyman Lee Chean Chung and Save Malaysia Stop Lynas chairman Tan Bun Teet
http://www.sinarharian.com.my/edisi/pahang/ngo-mahu-isu-lynas-diteliti-1.835219



NGO mahu isu Lynas diteliti

Erma Yusnida Jusoh
16 Mei 2018

             
KUANTAN - Kerajaan diminta meneliti semula isu kilang Lynas dengan mewujudkan jawatankuasa khas untuk mengkaji aspek berkaitan syarat perlesenan dan operasi kilang tersebut.

Pengerusi Badan Bukan Kerajaan (NGO) Save Malaysia Stop Lynas, Tan Boon Teet berkata, pihaknya berharap dalam tempoh 100 hari, kerajaan dapat memberi fokus terhadap isu Lynas.

Menurutnya, banyak isu yang masih belum selesai termasuk di mana sisa buangan dibuang selain tidak pernah mengadakan dialog bersama penduduk Kuantan.

“Lynas sebelum ini tidak pernah berdialog dengan warga Kuantan untuk menjelaskan mengenai operasi kilang mereka.
Advertisement

“Justeru, selepas kerajaan baru dibentuk, saya amat mengharapkan isu ini diberi perhatian kerana ia melibatkan soal keselamatan awam dan alam sekitar,” katanya kepada pada sidang media di Pusat Khidmat Dun Semambu, di sini, hari ini.

Hadir sama, Ahli Parlimen Bentong, Wong Tuck dan Ahli Parlimen Kuantan, Fuziah Salleh. Wong Tuck bersama Fuziah dan wakil NGO pada sidang media yang diadakan.

Sementara itu, Wong Tuck berkata, pihaknya tetap komited memperjuangkan isu Lynas terutama selepas kerajaan baru dibentuk.

Beliau berkata, mesej yang ingin disampaikan adalah jelas iaitu mahu operasi Lynas mengikut prosedur.

“Kita tidak tahu sejauh mana selamatnya kilang Lynas dan tidak berkompromi terhadap sebarang isu keselamatan awam dan alam sekitar.

“Usaha secara komprehensif akan dilakukan untuk memastikan kilang itu mematuhi prosedur dari pelbagai aspek,” katanya.

Wong Tuck menegaskan, pihaknya akan pastikan rakyat dan persekitaran dilindungi daripada sebarang pencemaran ekoran operandi kilang itu.

Dalam pada itu, Fuziah menawarkan diri untuk menjadi orang tengah antara Lynas dengan penduduk, NGO dan kerajaan untuk berbincang isu tersebut.

Katanya, perkara yang timbul perlu dijelaskan dengan telus.

“Cukuplah Lynas mendapat perlindungan daripada kerajaan sebelum ini.

“Saya percaya, kerajaan pimpinan Perdana Menteri, Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad tidak akan membiarkan projek mega seperti Lynas diteruskan jika memberi kesan kepada rakyat dan alam sekitar,” katanya.
                                                                      En. Tan Bun Teet
 Ahli Parliament Kuantan, Ahli Parliament Bentong, YB Dun Semambu, Himpunan Hijau, Gelombang Hijau & Gerakan Anti Bauxite
https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2018/05/17/mps-want-new-psc-to-probe-lynas/
MPs want new PSC to probe Lynas

Nation

Thursday, 17 May 2018

by ong han sean



Controversial plant: While the MPs claim that a review of Lynas’ safety issues is necessary, they also note that the Government cannot just shut down the plant, as regulations must be followed.


KUANTAN: Two Pakatan Harapan MPs involved in the anti-Lynas movement will push for the setting up of a new parliamentary select committee (PSC) to reopen investigations into the Lynas rare earth refinery here.

Kuantan MP Fuziah Salleh said the parameters of the new PSC’s review of the Lynas Advanced Material Plant (LAMP) would have to be redefined, claiming that the previous definition of safety had been skewed towards the narrative that supported Lynas.

“It had always been about radiation before this while waste management was never mentioned.

“They were completely silent on that,” she said here yesterday.

Fuziah added that the previous PSC also did not include the views from opposition MPs.

She said a new committee should be formed to seek opinions from experts and civil society groups.

Bentong MP Wong Tack claimed the previous PSC’s purpose was just to legitimise Lynas’ operations.

“The new PSC will take into consideration the views of stakeholders. We have to be proper and transparent this time,” he said.

Fuziah said the new PSC could only be set up once Parliament reconvenes.

In the meantime, other options are to initiate a caucus or a ministerial committee once the related minister is appointed, she added.

In 2012, the PSC concluded in its report that Lynas should be awarded a temporary operating licence (TOL) after finding that it met the stipulated requirements.

Fuziah also said the Pakatan government could not simply freeze operations at Lynas or shut it down immediately as regulations have to be followed.

“We can only ask to declassify whatever documents we have not seen before this. There are procedures we have to follow,” she added.

Wong said the Government should not go to the extreme when dealing with the matter.

He also said the views of experts would be sought in their review of Lynas’ operations and licensing.
Read more at https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2018/05/17/mps-want-new-psc-to-probe-lynas/#P8g846KKp5f3tzlK.99

Monday, 14 May 2018

UPDATE ON LYNAS LAMP

This is the pic that will give u an idea how big the pile of dredged-up solid waste stored under the roofed structure.



Here is the picture showing the back portion of LAMP with a rather long roof at the forefront and greenish pools at the far end of the picture. The long roof is the covered structure erected recently with its bottom section constructed resembling the existing RSFs. The volume in which the dredged up solid wastes piled up until the roof as can be seen in other photos attached. The picture of YB Cheam Chung standing in front of the structure on this side of the fence will give you a sense of its immense height. Given the length of the structure, one can imagine how much solid wastes had been produced in the years LAMP was operating!














https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2018/05/13/pakatan-to-review-lynas-rare-earth-operations/#803tTlimivOw4OCg.99

Pakatan to review Lynas rare earth operations
Nation Sunday, 13 May 2018 9:16 PM MYT
by ong han sean



File photo of the the Lynas rare earth refinery in Gebeng, near Kuantan.

KUANTAN: The Pakatan Harapan Government will have to review the operation of the Lynas rare earth refinery here, especially its waste management.

Kuantan MP Fuziah Salleh said she had asked the anti-Lynas groups to compile documentations on the Lynas issue such as the licensing of the plant in Gebeng here.

"We have to look into the various issues such as licensing, waste management, residue and discharge from the plant and whether we are getting the correct information before this.

"If there is data that is being kept from us, we will open and scrutinise it," she said at a thanksgiving event in celebration of Pakatan's victory here Sunday.

Fuziah said the issue with Lynas was not about closing down the plant but rather about its waste management.

"I have always said that the best practice is to send the waste back. Although the residue has a low radiation level it has a long life. Our duty is protecting the people from being exposed to it in the long term.

"Such radiation will affect not only our health but the ecosystem. It can even go into our food chain," she said.

Fuziah said she would engage with the ministry appointed to oversee the matter as this issue was of utmost priority to her.

"We have to review everything such as the lack of a permanent disposal facility that has been promised by the previous ministers. They got away without doing it," she claimed.

"We know the law does not allow transportation of radioactive material across countries so the people have been fooled by the media all this while. The media covered up this issue, telling the people Lynas is safe," she said.

Fuziah added that the best solution was a permanent disposal facility and not merely storing the waste in Kuantan's "backyard".

Also present was Teruntum assemblyman Sim Chon Siang, who had been re-elected for his second term.
Read more at https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2018/05/13/pakatan-to-review-lynas-rare-earth-operations/#ecaPQQUB5KVK5wc6.99

Tuesday, 24 April 2018

https://voiz.asia/en/32355

A decade on, the opposition against Lynas is still strong

by FG Media | Apr 19, 2018 | Branded Content, news | 0 comments


Malaysia is a warm and welcoming county. Rarely does her people rally in force against a corporation. Rarer still that such active protests persist for more than a decade, unrelenting. Anti-Lynas sentiments emerged soon after the Lynas Advanced Materials Plant (LAMP) project was approved in 2007. This was not unexpected, as no one wants to risk radioactive exposure from having a potentially hazardous rare earth refinery in one’s backyard. However, the slight negative sentiment and concern escalated to numerous nationwide demonstrations by 2012 when the plant commenced operations. Today, the anti-Lynas movement is still very much alive.



image source earthfirstjournal.org

Why such ire over Lynas?
Here’s some background.

April 2007 

the Malaysian Minister of Finance approved Australian-based Lynas Corp’s Lynas Advanced Materials Plant (LAMP) project with a package of special incentives, including “pioneer” status and a 12-year tax holiday.

February 2008

the State of Pahang Department of Environment (DOE) approved the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for LAMP to be located in Gebeng, Kuantan. The Atomic Energy Licensing Board of Malaysia (AELB) approved the Siting and Construction Licence following an approval recommendation from the Licensing Division of the AELB. The Kuantan Local Council also approved the Development Order application.

January 2012

AELB approved a temporary operating licence (TOL) for LAMP. This was challenged by residents in court on the grounds that it breached the Environmental Quality Act 1974, among others. The issuance of TOL was withheld pending the outcome of a hearing of an appeal by a group of residents to the Science, Technology and Innovation Minister in April.

September 2012

LAMP was granted a two-year TOL effective 3 September 2012, with a safe deposit of US$50 million and five conditions, including disclosure of a permanent deposit facility (PDF) for the storage of the plant’s radioactive water leached purification (WLP) waste.



Note that the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in its 2011 report had recommended that a PDF be identified before an operating licence is awarded to LAMP. AELB had granted a temporary stay on this condition; Lynas promised to comply within 10 months of LAMP’s operations. The TOL was arguably granted on the excuse that AELB needed to collect data on the various areas of LAMP’s operations including wastes produced.

As of today, Lynas has yet to identify the location of the PDF. Neither has there been any public notifications, publications or announcements by AELB on the issue.

LAMP entered production in 2013, producing 1,089 tonnes of rare-earth oxides in the first quarter of 2014, with a target of 11,000 tonnes per annum.

Despite the numerous protects, Lynas was on 2 September 2014 issued a two-year Full Operating Stage License (FOSL) by AELB. The licence was renewed in September 2016 for another three years despite calls to examine the non fulfilment of terms and written undertakings by Lynas to either recycle the radioactive WLP waste into industrial by-products or ship them overseas.

LAMP is designed to operate 24 hours a day, seven days a week and 8,000 hours a year, with a lifespan of 20 years. Each hour it produces approximately 36 tonnes ( dry weight) of solid wastes. The total volume of solid wastes that will be produced by LAMP prior to its decommissioning after 20 years is approximately 5.76 million tonnes! To put this figure into perspective, it is 15.6 times the weight of the steel used in the Petronas twin towers. The waste produced by LAMP over 20 years can fill Bukit Jalil Stadium 18 times over!

https://voiz.asia/en/32431

Is Lynas’ handling of radioactive wastes satisfactory?

by FG Media | Apr 20, 2018 | Branded Content, news | 0 comments


Say radiation and the image of contorted babies with missing or extra limbs come to mind — not a pretty picture.

Though radiation has plenty of safe practical uses as well — think x-rays, sterilisation of medical equipment, smoke detectors and even food irradiation — “radioactive exposure” connotes Fukushima horrors before all else.

Thus, it is understandable that when Australian Lynas Corp set up a rare earth refinery on our shores where it will use radioactive feedstock and generate tonnes of radioactive waste, many were alarmed and protests swiftly followed.

Today, many still find Lynas’ solution for its radioactive wastes unsatisfactory.



How dangerous are these wastes?

Based on Lynas’ its Radioactive Waste Management Plan (RWMP) submitted on 30 December 2011, every tonne of rare earth oxide it produces will be an accompanied by 13.41 tonnes of solid residues — 7.93 tonnes Neutralisation Underflow Residue (NUF), 2.63 tonnes Flue Gas Desulfurisation (FGD) and 2.85 tonnes Water Leached Purification Residue (WLP).

After the visit by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Review team in 2014, the NUF and FGD with radioactivity below 1 Bq/g were dropped from the regulatory control of Atomic Energy Licensing Board of Malaysia (AELB). They were classified as clear waste and placed under the Department of Environment’s (DOE) purview.

The worrisome residue it WLP, which has a radioactivity of 7.98 Bq/g. In 2014, an experiment to extract the radioactive Thorium from WLP conducted by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) proved to be non-viable. However, the experiment revealed that the radioactivity of WLP was much higher than that declared earlier by Lynas.

Lynas’ website says: “Our residues are not wastes – they have tremendous potential as safe commercial products”. In its RWMP, Lynas had proposed to recycle all its solid wastes into industrial by-products. It even had an impressive timeline of R&D and commercialisation over 2012-2015. Key products/applications included plaster board and cement manufacturing, road base, fertilizers, and soil remediation. In fact, Lynas had in many occasions said there would be little need for a permanent deposit facility (PDF) for its wastes as they would all be recycled!



This picture demonstrates the comparative size of LAMP’s waste to that of a full-sized adult

To date, nothing has been commercialised. Lynas still appears to be struggling to find a solution for its fast-growing solid residues. It all boils down to a single product, a soil enhancer called CondiSoil, for which it received SIRIM’s seal of approval last year.

However, the proposed mixture of 1:2:7 of WLP: NUF: FGD will leave behind large quantities of unused radioactive WLP for lack of FGD to go with it to create CondiSoil — using all the FGD to make CondiSoil would only use up 13.18% of WLP. This begs the question of what Lynas intends to do with the remaining 86.82% of its radioactive WLP? A PDF would be needed to safely store it, no?

One also can’t help but wonder if the ratio was such as to enable the WLP to be watered down to under 1 Bq/gm so that it will no longer be considered radioactive by AELB. Recycling of radioactive wastes through dilution is never allowed or practiced anywhere else in the world!

Moreover, to entrust and seek approval from SIRIM on Condisoil’s safe usage is totally misplaced. SIRIM is the body that appraises and evaluates proposed industrial standards drafted by relevant professional bodies before they become Malaysian Standards. Does the SIRIM approval mean CondiSoil would become the Malaysian Standard for recycled radioactive wastes? Would this set a precedent among other industries churning out radioactive wastes to also “mix” their radioactive wastes, give it a fancy name and pass it off as a safe recycled industrial by-product?

https://voiz.asia/en/32518

Some things just require a higher level of accountability

by FG Media | Apr 23, 2018 | Branded Content, news | 0 comments


In one word, radioactive. In two words, Bukit Merah.

Rare earth mining and refining has a unenviable association with serious environmental problems. After the tragedy in Bukit Merah, caused by the lax radioactive waste management by rare earth refiner Asian Rare Earth Sdn Bhd, the Malaysian public is understandably very concerned and demands assurance that radioactive wastes from the Lynas Advanced Materials Plant (LAMP) in Gebeng, Kuantan is properly disposed of.

Lynas has repeatedly maintained it “has successfully met all licence conditions relating to operations and environmental performance” and that it is “strongly committed to open and transparent communication with all our stakeholders”.

Many remain unassured. Why is that?

For starters, after more than five years in operation, Lynas has yet to identify the location of a permanent deposit facility (PDF) for the storage of its radioactive wastes. Neither has there been any public notifications, publications or announcements by the Atomic Energy Licensing Board of Malaysia (AELB) on the issue. Note that the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in its 2011 report had recommended that a PDF be identified before an operating licence is awarded to LAMP.

Malaysia’s Land Code forbids the usage of any land as PDF of radioactive wastes. As AELB should be keenly aware of that, this indicates the regulator’s acceptance of Lynas’ bold claims that it could safely recycle all its wastes, including the radioactive water leached purification (WLP) waste. Given the nature of radioactive wastes, is that even possible?

Lynas’ engagement with stakeholders is arguably also lacking.

True Lynas has held exhibitions, organised some community activities, and opened its doors for visits from the press and stakeholders. But many questions remain unanswered.

There has been repeated calls for Lynas to have a more in-depth dialogue with stakeholders, such as via a public forum, to address issues of concern, especially its radioactive waste management. Lynas CEO Amanda Lacaze had seemed open to the idea of a public forum after the International Trade and Industry Minister suggested it in 2016, giving the impression it plans to conduct such a forum, “preferably before year-end”.

When the issue of a public forum was pursued again, Lacaze pointed to the company’s website: “Information on our residue management is available in the following sections of our website www.lynascorp.com — Commitments & Responsibilities / Residue Management, and News / Media Briefing at Community Event.” (Note: the website’s layout and sections have changed since.)




Alas, some information found on its website raises even more questions!

Notably, the website does not state the volume of wastes Lynas produces. Formulation of its soil enhancer, called CondiSoil, could not be found either.

In its Radioactive Waste Management Plan (RWMP) submitted on 30 December 2011, Lynas had proposed to recycle all its solid wastes into industrial by-products. It had shared an impressive timeline of R&D and commercialisation over 2012-2015. Key products/applications included plaster board and cement manufacturing, road base, fertilizers, and soil remediation. As CondiSoil now seems to be the sole residue-derived product on its plate, Lynas needs to share more on how this product helps it to recycle its radioactive wastes.

If Lynas is being seen a villain, it has no one to blame but itself. Turning a deaf ear to the repeated requests for a dialogue from the community LAMP is operating in is a demonstration of haughty arrogance at best, or worse, hiding something that cannot stand up to exposure. Given the lack of disclosure and details on CondiSoil, Lynas looks suspiciously like trying to pull wool over the public’s eyes.




Yes legally, Lynas has complied with all the required rules and regulations, for now. AELB concurs.

But morally, Lynas has failed us.

Unless Lynas can assure us to the contrary, it will remain accused of processing rare earths in Malaysia — some 4,000 nautical miles from where they are mined, no less — only so that it can leave us the toxic wastes because its own country does not want them while being handsomely compensated (e.g. 12-year tax holiday) by our own government for the deed! Indeed, the distrust for Lynas has made the people to also distrust the authorities charged with protecting us from radioactive harm. They failed us re Bukit Merah; they could just fail us again — that it the fear.


Sunday, 31 December 2017

Lynas debts and liabilities to date (UPDATED)

2017 is coming to a close in slightly more than 24 hours. It is pertinent to reflect for a moment on what had taken place in terms of Lynas financial status as a going concern.

Lynas took out two separate loans from two creditors in 2011 and 2012 to complete both phase I and II of Lynas Advanced Materials Plant in Gebenr Industrial Estate (GIE).

They are:

1.The JARE facility ( Japan- Australia Rare Earth agreement backed by JOGMAC and Sojitz) worth US$ 225 millions secured against all assets owned by Lynas. It subscribed an additional US$25 millions worth of shares at the then prevailing price of AUD 2.12/share.

2.The Unsecured Convertible bonds worth US$225 millions from MT Kellet Capital Management LP,USA.

Both facilities went through two CDRS ( Corporate Debt Restructuring Scheme) in 2014 and 2016 and payment of all outstanding loans including the deferred interest payments are scheduled to be fully satisfied by September 2020.

Currently the JARE facility still has a balance of US$ 170 millions payable as at 21st Dec 2017 while the Unsecured Bonds has US$86.5 millions worth of bonds redeemable.

Interests due semi-annually will be accrued to the final settlement of both facilities in Sept 2020.

It is interesting to note that MT Kellet Capital Management LP has through seven partial conversions of bonds this year redeemed bonds worth a total of US$ 138.5 millions. This has added a total of 1.725 billion shares to Lynas' total shares in trade!

The consolidation exercise of 10:1 executed immediately after the last shareholders' AGM in late November has reduced the Lynas' total shares in issue to 563 millions shares.
SMSL PRESS STATEMENT ON 30/12/2017

A public statement on Issues remaining unresolved arising from the operations of Lynas Advanced Material Plant at Gebeng, Pahang.

The PDF (Permanent Disposal facility) for its radioactive Water Leach Purification (WLP) wastes.

Lynas Advanced Materials Plant (LAMP), a rare earth extraction plant located in Gebeng Industrial Estate (GIE) obtained its Temporary Operating License (TOL) in September 2012. In granting the TOL, the regulating authorities required LAMP to submit a detail plan on the selection of the location and management of its radioactive wastes in a Permanent Disposal Facility (PDF) within 10 months of its operations. According to the regulating authorities, the Atomic Energy Licensing Board (AELB) , it was fulfilled conceptually but no mention had been made on the location.

Since then announcements had been made ‘periodically’ by Lynas that they have found a way to recycle the radioactive wastes into road base aggregates; soil enhancers, etc and experiments had been ongoing thus negating the necessity to identify a PDF for the said radioactive wastes. These reports and announcements can be read in various online and print media and their quarterly submissions to the Australian Stock Exchange (ASX). (Just Google PDF)

The latest being the claim that a soil enhancer (conditioner) called ‘Condisoil’ has been successfully formulated from the mixture of all three types of solid residues inclusive of the radioactive WLP residues for use in agriculture! All previous attempts and claims to recycle the radioactive WLP evaporated into thin air!

In last July’s Parliamentary sittings, all members of Parliament were informed by the Science, Technology and Innovations Minister Datuk Seri Wilfred Madius Tangau that the recycled product ‘ Condisoil’ had yet to receive SIRIM’s green light. (http://www.thesundaily.my) He also revealed that the mixture of ‘Condisoil’ was made up of 1 part of WLP; 2 parts of NUF (Neutralization Underflow) and 7 parts of FGD (Flue Gas Desulfurization) residues. Meanwhile the Lynas Management had gone to town to declare that the successful development of this ’new product’ has resolved the requirement of finding a location and building the PDF to safely manage the radioactive WLP wastes! (Sin chew Jitpoh 19th July 2017)

We the residents of Kuantan are appalled by such irresponsible claims!

Here are the reasons:

1. In order to better understand the components of the soil enhancer called ‘Condisoil’ we have to first take a look at the chemical compositions of these constituents. Attached are the chemical make-up of each category of these three residues produced during the extraction of rare earth oxides (compounds) at LAMP. ( See attachments 1; 2 & 3)

2. From the chemical compositions listed ( provided by Lynas in its Radioactive Waste Management Plan (RWMP) ), it is obvious that WLP carries with it many chemicals that are of little or no use to plants and the most damaging part of all is its content of the radioactive Thorium and Radium!

3. Any attempt or experiment to mix these ‘residues’ would have to take into serious consideration on overcoming technical difficulties in the measurement of correct mixture because each of these residues, produced in moist cake forms, contains 40-45% moisture.

4. A correct or accurate mixture of these residues would invariably involve a preliminary step of drying and this action attracts tremendous costs in fuel expenditure which makes the attempt economically non-viable!

5. To entrust and seek approval from SIRIM on Condisoil’s safe usage is totally misplaced! SIRIM is the body that appraises and evaluates proposed industrial standards’ drafted by relevant professional bodies before they become Malaysian Standards. Does this mean should SIRIM approve ‘Condisoil’, it would become the Malaysian Standard for recycled radioactive wastes? How would other industries churning out radioactive wastes view this? They too would have the liberty of ‘mixing’ their radioactive wastes, giving it a fancy name and pass it off as a safe recycled industrial byproduct?

6. The proposed mixture of 1:2:7 of WLP: NUF: FGD will leave behind large quantities of unused radioactive WLP wastes for lack of FGD to go with it to create the so called ‘ Condisoil’.

From the data provided by Lynas in their RWMP,for every ton of REO ( Rare Earth Oxides) produced there will be an accompanying 13.41 tons of solid residues produced ; out of which 2.85 tons will be WLP; 7.93 tons NUF and 2.63 tons FGD. There are more WLP produced than FGD and yet their requirement in the mixture is 1:7. Mathematically it can be worked out that with all the FGD produced and used in formulating the Condisoil, only 13.18% of WLP will be consumed for this purpose! May we know what Lynas intends to do with the remaining 86.82% of the radioactive WLP? Don’t they require a PDF to safely store it?

Ending September 2017, there is an estimated 138,820 tonnes (dry weight) of WLP residues generated and kept at the back of the LAMP! If Lynas were to successfully utilize all their FGD (127,720 tonnes) there will a balance of 120,523 tonnes of WLP in the residue storage facility in LAMP!

Lynas projected a greater quantum of REO production for the December Quarter this year and the coming years. How much more WLP will be added onto this existing pile of radioactive residues? Are they ready to act responsibly as a corporate citizen of this country by IDENTIFYING A SUITABLE SITE FOR THE PDF OR are they going to continue to hide behind their wonder industrial byproduct called ‘Condisoil’?

Just this month Lynas has spent quite a substantial amount of ringgits by taking out a 3 half-page coloured advertisements in a local newspapers while the mandatory safe deposits of USD 50 millions are yet to be fully satisfied fully according to agreed schedule!

If the regulating authorities, the AELB, believed that Condisoil is a viable solution to the management of the radioactive WLP waste , then perhaps the payment of this safe deposit may not be necessary!

It is obvious that the issue of resolving the radioactive waste safely by Lynas through ‘Condisoil’ is but an attempt to pull a wool over people’s eyes! If left unchecked, our beloved land will be littered with radioactive residues from LAMP!

Statement by Save Malaysia Stop Lynas Committee.






Here comes the NUF chemical compositions :
Composition ...................Weight %
FePO4.5H2O...................... -
Fe2O3................................. -
Fe(OH)3.............................. -
Al2O3.................................. -
Al (OH)3.............................. -
Al2 (SO4)3.16H2O.............. -
CaSO4. 2H2O..................... -
CaSO4.................................73.5
Ca(OH)2.............................. -
CaCO3................................ 4
CaCO3.2H2O...................... 2
CaC2O4............................... -
Ca3(PO4)2.4H2O................ 1.5
SiO2..................................... -
MgF2.................................... -
Mg(OH)2.............................. 17.5
MgCO3.3H2O....................... -
MgSO3.7H2O........................ -
Mg3(PO4)2.5H2O.................. -
LaPO4................................... 1.5
LaPO4.4H2O.......................... -
La(OH)3 ..................................-
La2(CO3)3.5H2O.................... -
CePO4.4H2O.......................... -
Ce(OH)3.................................. -
Ce2(CO3)3.5H2O.................... -
PrPO4.4H2O............................ -
Pr(OH)3.................................... -
Pr2(CO3)3.5H2O...................... -
Nd(OH)3.................................... -
Nd2(CO3)3.5H2O...................... -
NdPO4.3H2O............................. -
ThO2.......................................... -
Th(PO3) 4.4H2O........................ -
CaUO4....................................... -
Radiations.................................. 0.52Bq/g

( Total Activity concentration of Th-232 and U-238 decay chains)
The concentration of radionuclides in the rare earth products should be very low (< 0.2 Bq/g)

The FGD Chemical Compositions :

Composition...................... Weight %
FePO4.5H2O----------------------Nil -
Fe2O3-------------------------------Nil -
Fe(OH)3---------------------------- Ni l-
Al2O3--------------------------------Ni l-
Al (OH)3-----------------------------Nil -
Al2 (SO4)3.16H2O---------------Ni l-
CaSO4. 2H2O---------------------95
CaSO4 ------------------------------Ni l-
Ca(OH)2----------------------------- 4
CaCO3------------------------------- 0.1
CaCO3.2H2O-----------------------Nil -
CaC2O4------------------------------Ni l-
Ca3(PO4)2.4H2O------------------Nil -
SiO2-----------------------------------0.6
MgF2----------------------------------0.3
Mg(OH)2----------------------------- Nil -
MgCO3.3H2O----------------------- Nil -
MgSO3.7H2O----------------------- Nil -
Mg3(PO4)2.5H2O------------------ Nil -
LaPO4--------------------------------- Nil -
LaPO4.4H2O------------------------ Nil -
La(OH)3------------------------------- Nil -
La2(CO3)3.5H2O------------------- Nil -
CePO4.4H2O------------------------ Nil -
Ce(OH)3------------------------------- Nil -
Ce2(CO3)3.5H2O------------------- Nil -
PrPO4.4H2O------------------------- Nil -
Pr(OH)3-------------------------------- Nil -
Pr2(CO3)3.5H2O-------------------- Nil -
Nd(OH)3------------------------------- Nil -
Nd2(CO3)3.5H2O------------------- Nil -
NdPO4.3H2O------------------------- Nil -
ThO2------------------------------------ Nil -
Th(PO3) 4.4H2O--------------------- Nil -
CaUO4---------------------------------- Nil -
Radiations------------------------------ 0.47 Bq/g

( Total Activity concentration of Th-232 and U-238 decay chains)

Here are the Chemical compositions of each category of the residues :
Chemical Composition of the Residue Streams

Composition WLP......Weight %
FePO4.5H2O ------------ 54
Fe2O3 ----------------------- 5.5
Fe(OH)3--------------------- 4
Al2O3 -------------------------0.1
Al (OH)3 ----------------------3
Al2 (SO4)3.16H2O---------1.7
CaSO4. 2H2O---------------3.5
CaSO4 ------------------------0.9
Ca(OH)2 ----------------------0.1
CaCO3 ------------------------Nil
CaCO3.2H2O----------------0.1
CaC2O4 ----------------------Nil
Ca3(PO4)2.4H2O ----------2
SiO2 ---------------------------8
MgF2 --------------------------Nil
Mg(OH)2----------------------0.03
MgCO3.3H2O--------------- 2.5
MgSO3.7H2O--------------- 6.5
Mg3(PO4)2.5H2O---------- 0.2
LaPO4 ------------------------ Nil
LaPO4.4H2O---------------- 2
La(OH)3 ----------------------0.1
La2(CO3)3.5H2O-----------0.2
CePO4.4H2O --------------- 3
Ce(OH)3----------------------- 0.1
Ce2(CO3)3.5H2O----------- 0.4
PrPO4.4H2O------------------0.4
Pr(OH)3-------------------------0.01
Pr2(CO3)3.5H2O-------------0.03
Nd(OH)3------------------------ 0.05
Nd2(CO3)3.5H2O------------ 0.1
NdPO4.3H2O------------------1.3
ThO2-----------------------------1000ppm
Th(PO3) 4.4H2O--------------1200ppm
CaUO4 ------------------------- 30ppm
Radiations----------------------62.29

(Total Activity concentration of Th-232 and U-238 decay chains) Bq/g


With this detailed breakdown of WLP's Chemical compositions, one will be able to determine its 'synergistic' if any role in complementing the FGD and NUF in the 'Condisoil'(2).





Monday, 11 December 2017

To most of us the laymen, the chemical composition of each category of residues does not carry much significance in our understanding of how eco-toxic or otherwise they may be. We are more concerned on how the combination of WLP; NUF and FGD in the ratio 1:2:7 could enhance the efficacy of the Condisoil.

The combination ratio seems to demonstrate an agenda behind it i.e. to achieve an end result of radionuclide reading below 1 Bq/g so that it could be classified as non-radioactive and passed as a clean waste. This will remove WLP from the regulatory control of AELB and the final mixture will be placed under the purview of DOE.

It really does not matter if the 'Condisoil" is marketable. If it is not then it can be used in municipal landfills and there would not be a need to build a PDF for it!

Here are the Chemical compositions of each category of the residues :

Chemical Composition of the Residue Streams
Composition WLP......Weight %
FePO4.5H2O ------------ 54
Fe2O3 ----------------------- 5.5
Fe(OH)3--------------------- 4
Al2O3 -------------------------0.1
Al (OH)3 ----------------------3
Al2 (SO4)3.16H2O---------1.7
CaSO4. 2H2O---------------3.5
CaSO4 ------------------------0.9
Ca(OH)2 ----------------------0.1
CaCO3 ------------------------Nil
CaCO3.2H2O----------------0.1
CaC2O4 ----------------------Nil
Ca3(PO4)2.4H2O ----------2
SiO2 ---------------------------8
MgF2 --------------------------Nil
Mg(OH)2----------------------0.03
MgCO3.3H2O--------------- 2.5
MgSO3.7H2O--------------- 6.5
Mg3(PO4)2.5H2O---------- 0.2
LaPO4 ------------------------ Nil
LaPO4.4H2O---------------- 2
La(OH)3 ----------------------0.1
La2(CO3)3.5H2O-----------0.2
CePO4.4H2O --------------- 3
Ce(OH)3----------------------- 0.1
Ce2(CO3)3.5H2O----------- 0.4
PrPO4.4H2O------------------0.4
Pr(OH)3-------------------------0.01
Pr2(CO3)3.5H2O-------------0.03
Nd(OH)3------------------------ 0.05
Nd2(CO3)3.5H2O------------ 0.1
NdPO4.3H2O------------------1.3
ThO2-----------------------------1000ppm
Th(PO3) 4.4H2O--------------1200ppm
CaUO4 ------------------------- 30ppm
Radiations----------------------62.29


( Total Activity concentration of Th-232 and U-238 decay chains) Bq/g 


With this detailed breakdown of WLP's Chemical compositions, one will be able to determine its 'synergistic' if any role in complementing the FGD and NUF in the 'Condisoil'(2).


The FGD Chemical Compositions :
Composition...................... Weight %
FePO4.5H2O----------------------Nil -
Fe2O3-------------------------------Nil -
Fe(OH)3---------------------------- Ni l-
Al2O3--------------------------------Ni l-
Al (OH)3-----------------------------Nil -
Al2 (SO4)3.16H2O---------------Ni l-
CaSO4. 2H2O---------------------95
CaSO4 ------------------------------Ni l-
Ca(OH)2----------------------------- 4
CaCO3------------------------------- 0.1
CaCO3.2H2O-----------------------Nil -
CaC2O4------------------------------Ni l-
Ca3(PO4)2.4H2O------------------Nil -
SiO2-----------------------------------0.6
MgF2----------------------------------0.3
Mg(OH)2----------------------------- Nil -
MgCO3.3H2O----------------------- Nil -
MgSO3.7H2O----------------------- Nil -
Mg3(PO4)2.5H2O------------------ Nil -
LaPO4--------------------------------- Nil -
LaPO4.4H2O------------------------ Nil -
La(OH)3------------------------------- Nil -
La2(CO3)3.5H2O------------------- Nil -
CePO4.4H2O------------------------ Nil -
Ce(OH)3------------------------------- Nil -
Ce2(CO3)3.5H2O------------------- Nil -
PrPO4.4H2O------------------------- Nil -
Pr(OH)3-------------------------------- Nil -
Pr2(CO3)3.5H2O-------------------- Nil -
Nd(OH)3------------------------------- Nil -
Nd2(CO3)3.5H2O------------------- Nil -
NdPO4.3H2O------------------------- Nil -
ThO2------------------------------------ Nil -
Th(PO3) 4.4H2O--------------------- Nil -
CaUO4---------------------------------- Nil -
Radiations------------------------------ 0.47 Bq/g
( Total Activity concentration of Th-232 and U-238 decay chains)


Here comes the NUF chemical compositions :
Composition ...................Weight %
FePO4.5H2O...................... -
Fe2O3................................. -
Fe(OH)3.............................. -
Al2O3.................................. -
Al (OH)3.............................. -
Al2 (SO4)3.16H2O.............. -
CaSO4. 2H2O..................... -
CaSO4.................................73.5
Ca(OH)2.............................. -
CaCO3................................ 4
CaCO3.2H2O...................... 2
CaC2O4............................... -
Ca3(PO4)2.4H2O................ 1.5
SiO2..................................... -
MgF2.................................... -
Mg(OH)2.............................. 17.5
MgCO3.3H2O....................... -
MgSO3.7H2O........................ -
Mg3(PO4)2.5H2O.................. -
LaPO4................................... 1.5
LaPO4.4H2O.......................... -
La(OH)3 ..................................-
La2(CO3)3.5H2O.................... -
CePO4.4H2O.......................... -
Ce(OH)3.................................. -
Ce2(CO3)3.5H2O.................... -
PrPO4.4H2O............................ -
Pr(OH)3.................................... -
Pr2(CO3)3.5H2O...................... -
Nd(OH)3.................................... -
Nd2(CO3)3.5H2O...................... -
NdPO4.3H2O............................. -
ThO2.......................................... -
Th(PO3) 4.4H2O........................ -
CaUO4....................................... -
Radiations.................................. 0.52Bq/g


( Total Activity concentration of Th-232 and U-238 decay chains)


The concentration of radionuclides in the rare earth products should be very low (< 0.2 Bq/g)


All figures above are from the RWMP.




Continuation

20. Now that the Condisoil (2) formula has been approved by SIRIM, it will go under the supervision and departmental control of DOE.

Let's take a closer look at what challenges that will be encountered by Lynas in putting into practice the utilization of all three categories of residues as Condisoil.

20.1 : Natural state of residues.

i) All the three categories of solid residues, WLP; FGD and NUF are produced in moist cake forms, each consisting of 55% (FGD & NUF) and 60% (WLP) of solids respectively. They have a moisture content of 40-45%.

ii) They are stored in separate cells in the RSFs.
20.2 Volume of each category of solid residues according to designs :
22.2.1 based on the initial design case (IDC) of the plant with a processing capacity of 11,000 tonnes, the residues produced will be as follows:

Tailings IDC (Wet t/a) % Solids IDC (Dry t/a)
FGD 53,560 55 29,500
NUF 161,820 55 89,000
WLP 53,333 60 32,000

20.2.2 With Phase 1 and 2 in full operations, the residues produced will be doubled:
Tailings FOS (wet t/a) % Solids FDC (Dry t/a)

FGD 109,554 55 58,920
NUF 330,995 55 177,800
WLP 109,090 60 64,000

(Note : FOS- Full Operating Stage ; FDC -Future Design Case)

20.2.3 How much of these residues are already been produced?

According to published production figures of REO separated at LAMP since June 2013 * (Note 1)
Ending September 2017 :

Tailings Total tonnage (wet) Total tonnage (Dry) Dry

FGD 232,327 127,780.
NUF 701,086 385,597.
WLP 231,366 138,819.

(Note 1: LAMP obtained the TOL in September 2012. It took 9 months (Sept 2012-June 2013) to commission and began with small amounts of production)

20.4 How much of these residues were used in the research program?

20.4.1 : In the attempt to extract Thorium from the WLP residues conducted by UKM , only a small sample was collected from LAMP.

20.4.2 ; In the experiments conducted with the use of FGD and NUF as soil conditioner ( Condisoil 1) a total of 1 ton was utilized. This was revealed by the DOE. This included the field trials with several crops over a certain period of time.

20.4.3 :Experiments conducted before the TOL was issued as described in my earlier posts did not come from residues generated since 2013.

20.5 : Main issues regarding the implementation of the 'Condisoil (2)' project :

20.5.1 :With such high moisture content in each category of residues, how can accurate measurement of proportions be observed without first drying them?

20.5.2 : If the residues need to be prepared in a reasonable state of dryness, with such large volumes how much fuel costs will be incurred and would this negate its viability financially?

20.5.3 :It is useful to keep in mind that the approved Condisoil (2)) formula is a combination of WLP, NUF and : FGD in the ratio of 1 : 2 : 7,. With the relatively differing volumes of each of these residues produced at LAMP , the combination of the mixture will bring about a large a shortfall of supply for FGD while leaving a large balance of WLP.

20.5.4 : Under this scenario Lynas would still need a PDF to ensure the balance radioactive WLP residues are stored in specially designed dedicated storage cells!Thus a PDF is still needed!

20.6 : Who will be the buyers or clients of this 'Condisoil (2)" as it contained radioactive WLP? Or would the approved 'Condisoil'(2) be a pretext for Lynas to evade the issue of locating a site and the construction of the PDF?

These are issues that Lynas' web site did not answer. Neither is the management willing to meet the stakeholders on these issues of concern !

If this Condisoil issue is not supervised and regulated closely, Malaysian soils and waterways will be the final bearer of this diluted radioactive toxicity!
Continuation

18. The plans and time frames described in my last posting on the reuse of the residues would virtually give all stakeholders and residents of Kuantan an assurance that everything would be well and good . That piece of information was displayed for public review in Dec 2011.

It is now 2017. As can be seen none of that planned and described had culminated in the commercialization of the residues. They did tried but non seemed to be commercially viable!.
When the Temporary Operating License (TOL) was due for renewal, they had revised the RWMP with a claim " they are seeking approval from the authorities to build an experimental road with the WLP residues for demonstration and assessment! "

They have also stated that " they had gained the approval from a customer and is preparing to make the first commercial export of Neutralization Underflow (NUF) product. Negotiation are ongoing for further commercial shipments. Lynas has also finalized the specifications for three granulated products for use in broad-acre trials!"

In July this year we paid a visit to the Pahang DOE and was informed that Lynas had formulated a soil conditioner called 'Condisoil" with FGD and NUF residues. They planned to start its production on commercial scale at the end of the month but for some reasons unknown it was shelved or aborted. Then came the controversial claim by Lynas that a new 'Condisoil" with the inclusion of WLP in its formulation had already been approved for use by the authorities concerned. This was disputed by Kuantan MP Fuziah Salleh based on the answer she obtained in Parliament from the Minister of MOSTI.

As ca be seen all those original plans designed for the recycling of LAMP's residues into Synthetic Materials Products did not materialize. The final practical way to recycle them would be to dilute and water down the radioactivity of the WLP residues with the addition of the other two residues. Killing 3 birds with one stone!!!

What great efforts in their research!

They revealed that the research so far had costed them RM7 million!

You might have a nagging suspicion that were the plans drawn up specifically for the authorities concerned to " facilitate" the approval of their Milling A license (TOL)? How could they propose to recycle the three categories of residues into various commercial industrial products when they had not started operating?

This is why our country is a safe haven for fugitive industries that were disallowed to be built in their countries of origin !

Are we looking at more polluting industries of this nature coming to our shores?

19. As can be seen despite all the proposed plans by Lynas to recycle the three categories of solid residues according to their time frames, they ended up in a single recycled product called "Condisoil". And according to feedback from our MP, SIRIM has given its nod and it is now under the purview of the DOE.

A brief recap on the original recycling intent or plan for each of the solid residues will help understand better the whole issue on recycling of residues produced by LAMP.
Based on reports of the research conducted, WLP was intended for road base or interlocking block pavers.

The NUF with its Mg content is more suited to be turned into a soil conditioner to improve degraded or infertile soils.
The FGD has been identified as a suitable material for the manufacture of plaster board and cement.

After the visit by IAEA Review team in 2014,the two solid residues NUF and FGD with radioactivity below 1 Bq/g were dropped from the regulatory control of AELB . They were classified as clear waste and placed under the DOE's purview. This is why during our visit to the state DOE office, we were told by the Director that the Condisoil (1) experiment conducted used only FGD and NUF.

One may ask why WLP was not included in the formulation of Condisoil (1) then. Its simple. WLP has a radioactivity of 7.98 Bq/g ( from The Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences, Vol 18 No1(2014):221-225) thus is placed under the regulatory control of AELB!

This also explains why the new formulation of "Condisoil (2)" has a combination ratio of 1 part WLP, 2 parts of NUF and 7 parts of FGD! The main 'plot' (scheme) behind this combination is to ensure that the resultant mix will have a radioactivity reading of less than 1 Bq/g so that it too could be removed from the regulatory control of AELB. It could then be allowed to be used for municipal landfills or in this case a non toxic, non radioactive soil conditioner!

21. How much in total the solid residues that will be generated by LAMP which is designed to operate for 8000 hrs (333.33 days X 24 hr) per year for 20 years?
Answer : 5,864,240 tonnes (dry weight)
Translated into wet weight the total will be 10,471,857 tonnes.

Before they could be 'recycled' ,sufficient storage space would have to be found to keep them ( currently behind the plant) while observing the regulatory requirements under the newly promulgated ( after the public hearing by IAEA team in May 2011) Atomic Energy Licensing (Radioactive Waste Management) Regulations, 2011 which came into force on the 16th of August 2011.

Wonder if should the residues generated quickly exceeded the recycling capacity and storage space available, a repeat of incidents like what took place in the ARE 30 years ago will befall the destiny of Kuantan and folks around Balok?